What is Anal Fissure?
Anal fissure is basically a small cut or tear in the delicate mucosal lines of anus. It causes mild to severe pain while passing stools. Sometimes bleeding occurs while passing tools too. This condition is common in young infants but people of any age can be affected. In many cases fissures are healed on their own without any treatment. In other cases, proper medical treatment is necessary to cure anal fissure OR it may lead to more complications.
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What are Common Symptoms of Anal Fissure?
- Mild to severe pain during stooling
- Pain after stooling for many hours
- Bleeding during or after bowel movement
- Feelings of itching or irritation around anal area
- Crack or cut can be seen around anus
- Presence of little lump near the fissure
What are Possible Causes of Anal Fissure?
Following are some of the common causes of anal fissure:
- Straining during stooling
- Diarrhea (chronic)
- Childbirth in women
- Crohn’s disease
- HIV (Aids)
- Cancer of Anus
Complicated Forms of Anal Fissure
In many cases Anal fissure wound is healed on its own without any treatment. But this is not always true.
1- Some times, Anal fissure fails to heal even after many weeks. This type of fissure is chronic fissure and needs proper treatment OR condition can get worse.
2- Another problem is that if you have previous history of anal fissure, then it may re-occur in future.
3- If anal fissure is not treated properly then it can spread and damage the sphincter muscles of Anus. Sphincter muscles are very important muscles because they are responsible for opening and closing anal opening during bowel movement.
4- If fissure is not treated properly then severe pain and bleeding will be repeated in cycles, especially during and after bowel movement. This causes great pain and discomfort for the patient.
How to Diagnose Anal Fissures?
There are many ways to diagnose Anal Fissure:
Physical Examination: Usually the symptoms of fissure are very obvious and it can be diagnosed very easily. In some cases physical examination of anal area is done to find the tear or cut in the anus.
Digital Rectum Test: A lighted tube called Anoscope is inserted into the anal canal to inspect and see any cut, lesions or fissures in the linings of anus.
Allopathic Ways to Treat Anal Fissure
1- If fissure is diagnosed in its early stages and condition is not very severe, then different methods are used to soften the stools and avoid constipation. Certain drugs and food rich in fiber can help to soften the stools. Usually when constipation is cured and soft stools are passed for few weeks, the anal fissure is healed on its own.
2- In some cases stools softening is not enough and proper medicines are required to heal the fissure. The main purposes of medicines are to increase blood supply to fissure area, relieve pain and relaxe the sphincter muscles of anal area.
3- When medications are not able to cure fissure, then surgery is done. Small part of Sphincter muscles is removed to decrease pain, spasm and to stimulate healing process.
Safe and Perfect Homeopathic Treatment of Anal Fissure Without Operation/Surgery
As mentioned in above lines, medicines and surgery are used to cure this condition in Allopathy. But both of these methods are costly, in-efficient and are associated with many side effects. Another common problem is that even if Fissure is cured by these methods, it may re-occur after few months or years.
In homeopathy, there is no need of heavy medicines and no surgery or operation is recommended. Once anal fissure is cured, it is gone forever (in most of the cases). The treatment method is very safe and there are no side effects. Homeopathic medicines will work in many ways to treat fissure wounds. Some of these actions include:
- softening stools,
- avoiding constipation,
- reducing pain
- increased blood flow to fissure wound for fast healing
- fast healing of wound and protecting it from further damage.
Usually patient starts feeling good after few days as pain, discomfort and bleeding is greatly reduced. But treatment should not be stopped till the wound is completely healed and cured. Once the wound is healed by taking homeopathic medicines, there are almost no chances of occurring again.
Some common homeopathic medicines to treat anal fissure include:
- Nitric Acid
Please don’t use any of these medicines on your own without consulting an experienced homeopathic doctor.